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Understand Organic Farming in India Types Techniques & More

You might have heard about organic farming or maybe organic fruits and vegetables, but do you know how organic farming in India is done? What are the techniques, methods, etc.?

If you want to know how to grow your own fresh produce without using harsh chemicals, then you must read the detailed information below. Organic farmers don’t use harmful chemicals, and they use natural methods to grow their yields and keep their soil fertile. 

We know you are getting curious to learn the secrets of organic farming, so here you go.

Understanding Organic Farming in India

Therefore, in its simplest terms, organic agriculture in India refers to the culturally acceptable, environmentally friendly techniques of growing fruits/vegetables or any other produce. Before, farmers employed other chemicals, fertilizers, and pesticides when it came to farming, but that is not the case anymore.

Organic farming, as the word depicts, is a form of farming that encourages the support of the natural environment rather than being a force against it. In general, organic farmer practices feed management, where they use compost manure, crop rotation, and beneficial insects to maintain the health of their soils. As it is apparent, organic farming is not only about the taste of the produced food; it is also about going beyond taste and helping to sustain the earth’s resources.

Organic farmers use organic fertilizers and prepare compost from farm waste, cow dung, and other organic wastes. They also apply organic control measures, such as spraying neem oil or using beneficial insects, to prevent pests from affecting their farms organically.

Objectives of Organic Farming

The core objective isn’t just about not using chemicals and harsh fertilizers but benefiting the overall human race & environment at large:

Healthy Food

Mandatory principles, on the other hand, include sustainable farming, protection of the environment, sensible use of inputs, animal welfare requirements, GMO labeling, pest control, food irradiation, genetic modification, organic farming, biotechnology, and internal trade.

Happy and Healthy Soil

These are some of the practices that enhance soil productivity, including composting and crop rotation. It is as if feeding the earthworms and good bacteria if you know what I mean. Pests and diseases can be caused by unhealthy soil and plants, which makes them an unnatural requirement.

Protecting the Environment

Some of the problems include polluting water resources, which could be better for wildlife. Organic farming prevents this risk, hence ensuring that the environment is safe and that natural balance is maintained.

Sustainable Farming for the Future

Organic practices are established to maintain the health of the soils and enhance productiveness for future generations. It is all about creating a sustainable environment in which the business can develop in the long term.

Benefits of Organic Agriculture in India

Improved Soil Fertility

Some organic agriculture techniques, such as using fertilizers and crops grown on the ground without being pulled out, help fertilize the soil. This results in what we call long-term fertility so that the land can continue to support productivity for many generations.

Health Benefits

Organic fruits, vegetables, and other produce are not subjected to any form of chemicals, genetically modified food, herbicides, or pesticides; hence, they are highly valued.

Reduced Harsh Chemicals

When deciding to release yourself from chemical fertilizers and pesticides, you not only save your health but also that of the world. It reduces the cases of water pollution, and at the same time, it does not kill the beneficial insects such as bees that are important in fertilizing crops.

Long-term Sustainibilty

There is a cycle whereby the waste produced in organic farming becomes input that feeds the plants on a farm. This makes your land remain productive, continuing to grow food for generations, as compared to the use of chemicals that exhaust the land.

Government Support

The Indian government has been encouraging farmers to use organic farming through various policies. These include subsidies, training programs, and organic certification procedures, as farmers are supported to embrace organic methods and reap fruitful results.

Types of Organic Farming

Pure Organic Farming

This is the strictest form that uses only natural means in pest control, soil illumination, and weed control. It is the best example of organic agriculture in India, where specific homemade compost is used, and the crop and pest pest cycle conflicts with damaging insect species.

Integrated Organic Farming

It compiles conventional organic farming with certain contemporary techniques that can be referred to as biotechnological tools, such as biopesticides synthesized from basic natural products. It calls for more freedom and expedited ways of controlling pests, but at the same time, it retains principle adherence to the sustenance of soil health in the long run.

Recommended Read – Different Types of Agriculture in India

Biodynamic Farming

This thought process is a little more advanced than other ideas of going green. It factors in the cosmos and man and incorporates special biological preparations for improving the fertility of the soil and the crops grown in it. Despite having relatively less knowledge and planning strategy, many farmers around the globe have ever testified to the positive effects of contour farming towards improving the quality of the crops as well as the yields.

Natural Farming

This emerging approach is based on passive management methods, which means that the most significant emphasis is placed on the self-regulation of the ecosystem. Through the application of natural farming, there is the proper balance and spread out of the plants; this recruits friendly insects and soil microorganisms that control pests naturally.

Organic Farming Techniques in India

If you think techniques are the same as organic farming methods in India, then you need to read this difference:


This technique allows you to make compost from waste foods and leftovers from the kitchen, animal dung, and plant debris. This enriches the soil, helping it provide crop nutrients and water that are well enough to support crops. You get the feeling of preparing your plant food.

Crop Rotation

Crop rotation is very useful so that your soil does not lose its fertility over time. For example, you can continue to grow different varieties of the same crop within the same piece of land every year. This assists in breaking disease cycles, prevents pests that feed on specific plants from multiplying, and replenishes the ground with different types of nutrients.

Natural Pest Management

Say goodbye to chemical sprays! Organic farming, unlike chemical farming, does not use chemicals to control pests. One can use neem oil sprays, adopt friendly insects such as ladybugs, or plant crops with the intention of drawing pests away from crops of interest.

Weed Management

These are intruders that invade your garden and take important nutrients and water from your plants. But do not grab the Round Up! To drown out the weeds, one can try hand weeding, mulching with organic tools such as straw and leaves, or sowing cover crops.

Water Conservation

Organic farming promotes the efficient use of water through techniques like drip irrigation, which delivers water directly to the root systems of your crops. On the same note, learn about rainwater management so that water is used to the fullest when it is available.

Organic Farming Methods in India

To your surprise, yes, organic farming techniques in India and organic methods are different; here are the organic methods:

Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)

Zero-budget natural farming organic: In the organic farming system, the farmers themselves prepare fertilizers and pesticides from farm-produced items such as cow dung, cow urine, and crop residues. You should adopt this strategy because it will effectively improve your soil health and crop yields at a minimal cost.

Recommended Read – Know everything about the Premium Italian Spray Nozzle

Organic Manure and Compost

You can fertilize your soil using natural and organic manure, such as turning kit scrapes, animal manure, and dried leaves into compost, which will enhance fertility and crop production.

Biofertilizers and Microbial Inoculants

Biofertilizers are natural fertilizers consisting of living microorganisms that can enhance plants’ uptake of nutrients. Some microbial inoculants, such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria, can even suggest reducing the use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers.

Crop Diversity and Polyculture

The crop diversity organic method can be defined as a procedure that allows different kinds of crops to be grown in one field. Intercropping different crops is advisable on a farm since it fosters the health of the plants, helps in checking on pests and diseases, and enhances the fertility of the soil. Think about rotating beans with grains; beans use the surrounding soil to strengthen the development of the grains that they are planted next to.

Natural Pest and Disease Management

This method of organic farming in India, which is maintained to control pests, is done naturally. These include spraying with neem-based pesticides, enticing beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, or having trap crops that would make the pests divert their attention from the preferred crop.

Seed Saving and Heirloom Varieties

Preserve seeds that you have propagated well for each season. This not only makes you work cheaper but also proves the appropriateness of the varieties in the growing area. Heirloom seeds are those that are bred for many generations and grow locally. They can also have some very specific tastes and are less susceptible to diseases.

Conservation Agriculture

Some conservation agriculture techniques, such as minimal tillage and mulching, can help ensure soil moisture conservation and reduce soil erosion. Crops experience Advanced Nutrient Density, which in turn leads to optimum yields.

How Krishispray Can Help in Organic Farming?

Instead of using chemicals, for instance, to treat pests and diseases, organic farming utilizes measures that will prevent the occurrence of such problems. Krishispray has high-quality agriculture spray machines that can be used for applying organic pesticides and fungicides, such as neem oil or any bio-pesticides.

Recommended Read – Reasons for Backwardness of Indian Agriculture

Krishispray’s filter systems help ensure that your crops are spraying without contamination. Further, their long-lived handy nozzles and units allow optimal applying organic manure/bio-fertilizers, enhancing the fertility of soil and plant growth.


Now that you understand organic farming, you must also learn about the different types of cultivation practices in India. If you have any questions or feedback on this blog, you can share your comments in the comments section below or visit Krishispray.