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9 Modern Farming Methods of Agriculture You need to Know

India has always been associated with agriculture and produce. Our farmers used to cultivate yields from conventional practices, but the situation has changed, and now every farmer in India understands modern farming methods of agriculture.

You must have noticed that farming in this modern day is done with the use of technology, data, information, and sophisticated growing platforms in order to increase productivity on the soil without affecting soil health. Here are the details of 9 new and advanced type farming techniques used in Indian agriculture that have changed the strategy of our Indian farmers.

9 Modern Farming Methods in India

Method #1: Precision Agriculture

Precision agriculture is all about making better decisions relating to your land, especially on how to use it and on what. Some sensors can tell you about the moisture of your soil; some drones help you to have a bird’s eye view of your crop, and GPS helps in directing the movement of tractor vehicles with minute precision.

In this way, you can apply fertilizer and water right where they are required, based on the accumulation of all this data. Precision Agriculture leads to a triple win: more output or income, reduced consumption of resources, and a clean environment.

Method #2: Hydroponics

In hydroponic gardening, your crops grow in a silvery and sleek water and nutrient system but do not have soil. Some categories of hydroponic systems are: In the deep water culture, the roots are suspended in a nutrient solution, while in the nutrient film technique, nutrients move continuously in a good solution.

I don’t think there is actually any beauty that can be compared to hydroponics in gardening. It uses much less water than traditional farming does, and you can produce fresh foods year-round in any region. The term hydroponics may seem a little sci-fi-like, but the concept is a highly effective system for growing excellent food while being gentle on the earth.

Method #3: Aquaponics

Aquaponics combines aquaculture (fish farming) with hydroponics to form a closed cycle. The fish supply clean water to your plants while the plants, in turn, purify the water for the fish to live in.

Here’s the science: Since the waste produced by fish is biodegradable, it is processed by bacteria into nutrients that plants prefer. The plants categorically ensure that the waters are clean for the fish since they act as a filter for the water. This natural cycle is beneficial in many ways. For instance, few cases of wastage of water and also the fish along with plants are healthy and fine. The integrated farming system technique is one of the most sustainable farming techniques in India.

Method #4: Vertical Farming

Vertical farming itself says that where the yields are grown vertically. Think of the crops that are planted in lines and columns standing like walls that stretch to the heavens. This is a radical concept of farming in congested regions, or it means farming in whatever small space that is available.

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Vertical farms can be described as high-tech controlled environments, more accurately referred to as controlled environment agriculture or vertical growing systems. This makes it possible to be productive all year round or in any kind of climate that may be prevailing. Vertical farming also consumes a lot of land compared to traditional farming techniques. It is a form of win-win scenario for the urban regions, thus enhancing food production and, at the same time, decreasing the impacts that depletion of natural resources has on the environment.

Method #5: Aeroponics

Aeroponics farming is a technique of farming plants without soil or any form of soil spray at all but rather spraying nutrients in the air. This may sound like something out of a science fiction novel, but aeroponics is an actual kind of farming that has lots of advantages. Aeroponics plants get water and nutrients almost all the time, which translates to fast uptake and growth.

This technique of growing plants is much more economical in terms of water requirement than soil-based methods. They revealed that starting a production technique using an aeroponic system is relatively expensive compared to other practices. Also, the process calls for acute control of related factors such as temperature and humidity, among others.

Method #6: Controlled-Environment Agriculture (CEA)

CEA is an almost all-year-round type of crop production, as is always illustrated by the following acrostic. Basically, CEA is like building a perfect indoor environment for your plants, but using it would be like letting your indoor plants go to college.

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It is all about greenhouses with also features like lighting systems that mimic the sun, heating systems to keep things warm, air conditioning for a balmy environment, and even fresh air that is provided by a ventilation system. Thus, having control over all these aspects, CEA allows crops to be grown at any time of year and in any country. Favorable conditions can, therefore, be created within a controlled environment so as to give the best yields.

Method #7: Cover Cropping

Cover cropping involves planting cover crops – like legumes, rye, or clover –  between your cash crops (like corn or soybeans) during fallow periods. These cover crops act like living green mulch, protecting the soil from erosion and retaining precious moisture.

The roots of cover crops help break up compacted soil, improving drainage and aeration. Plus, some cover crops even fix nitrogen from the air, adding a natural fertilizer boost for your next planting season. There are many different cover crops with unique benefits. For example, legumes can add nitrogen to the soil, while rye helps suppress weeds.

Method #8: Conservation Tillage

Conservation tillage method is all about soil protection by eliminating soil disturbance during planting. In this method only the seed planting area is tilled where the seeds will be planted.

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This is one of the latest agriculture techniques in India. This approach helps improve soil health by promoting the growth of beneficial organisms and protecting the soil’s natural structure. Additionally, it retains moisture and reduces erosion from wind and water.

Method #9: Organic Farming

Organic farming is a natural farming method. Farmers don’t use any synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and rely on compost, manure, and crop rotation to nourish their soil.

However, the output of organic farming in India is quite low as compared to traditional methods. But the best part is you can produce chemical-free food, promote biodiversity, and nurture the long-term health of your soil.

How can Krishispray help you with modern farming methods?

You must be thinking that from the list mentioned above – which of the following is a modern farming method? Let us tell you that every technique is contemporary and unique. You must start farming by applying any of the above farming techniques.

And if you need modern sprayers, spray pumps, spray machines, tractor sprayers, spray nozzles, or anything related to spraying, then you can visit Krishispray and get the best deals on modern spraying tools.