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All About Apricot Tree in India: Varieties, Season, & More

Have you ever wondered what those brilliant orange fruits you see at the market? Those are apricots! And what do you know? You may even cultivate your apricot tree in India! In this post, we will go deeply into the world of Indian apricot trees.

We’ll also review the several kinds of apricots you may plant and when to plant them, as well as some other helpful hints for growing these mouthwatering fruits in your garden.

What is the meaning of apricot?

You have undoubtedly seen and consumed those little orange fruits called apricots. Because apricots are stone fruits, they only have one pit. Their flesh can be pale yellow or bright orange, ranging from bite-sized to tennis ball-sized. They may be eaten fresh, in jams, or even dried for a nutritious snack because of their sweet and somewhat sour flavor.

In addition to being hydrating, apricots are a great source of vitamins and minerals that promote wellness. They’re great eaten raw, mixed into salads or yogurt, or baked into delectable pies and preserves.

Apricot Names in India

Northern India (Himachal, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Uttarakhand)

  • Jardalu
  • Khubani
  • Chuli or Chulli (Ladakh)

Other Parts of India

  • Khumani
  • Zardalu (wild variety)

The Ideal Apricot Season in India

India is a land of diverse climates, which applies to apricot plants, too! While the juicy fruit might tempt you to plant immediately, choosing the perfect apricot season in India is essential.

Seasons of Change

India experiences various seasons, from scorching summers to relatively mild winters. This plays a crucial role in when to plant your apricot tree.

Planting Power Time

Generally, late winter (around February) or early spring (March-April) is considered the sweet spot for planting apricots in most parts of India. Why this window? It allows the young tree to establish its roots before the scorching summer heat arrives.

The Chill Factor

Apricot trees need specific chilling hours (periods of cold temperatures) to break dormancy and flower properly. This requirement varies based on the variety, with some needing as few as 400 chill hours and others requiring up to 800.

Frost is an Unwanted Guest

While we want some chill, avoid planting too early when frost is still a significant threat. This can damage the delicate new growth.

What does this mean for you?

Confirm the chill hours data for your area: You may get this information online or through local agricultural extension programs.

Select a range according to your free time: Select one whose specifications correspond to the wintertime temperatures in your area.

Watch the frost prediction, and don’t wait to plant until the danger of frost has gone away.

Apricot Varieties in India

Here are some of the most sweet apricot varieties in and around India:

New Castle

It is one of the most adaptable varieties, known for its large fruits, sweet flavor, and good storage ability. It requires a moderate amount of chill hours.


It is famous in Himachal Pradesh for its sweet-tart taste and medium-sized, orange-yellow fruits with a red blush. It also has moderate chill hour requirements.


It is famous for its firm, juicy fruits, and good transport qualities. It thrives in colder climates and requires a higher number of chill hours.

Royal/ Blenheim

It is a classic variety renowned for its sweet, rich flavor. Blenheim apricots are smaller than Royal but boast the same delicious taste. They do well in moderate climates.


It is a popular variety known for its sweetness and excellent canning qualities. It needs moderate chilling hours.


A Canadian variety is gaining popularity in India for its early ripening season and firm, sweet-tart fruits. It has a moderate chill hour requirement.


Features orange, medium-sized fruit with a sweet flavor. Suitable for areas with higher chill hours.


A large, juicy apricot with a sweet, slightly tart flavor. Suitable for colder regions as it requires a higher number of chill hours.


A more miniature, less sweet apricot with a unique flavor profile. It is a hardy variety that can tolerate warmer areas.


Safeda is another one of the types of apricots known for its white-fleshed fruits, which are juicy and sweet. It has moderate chilling hour requirements.


This apricot variety originated from Ladakh and grows from small to medium. This variety thrives in high-chill & cold desert regions like Ladakh, etc. You can quickly grow apricot trees in India from mid-season to late-season.

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Top Health Benefits of Apricot

Apricots might be small, but they have plenty of health benefits! Here’s why apricots are best & health fruits:

Source of Vitamin A

Apricots are particularly rich in vitamin A, which plays a crucial role in vision, skin, and the immune system. Moreover, they contain beta-carotene, which helps produce vitamin A in the body, thus offering a double dose of this vitally important nutrient.

Boost Your Gut Health

Apricots are rich in fiber that helps keep your digestive tract stable. Fiber, in turn, leads to a sense of satiety, allowing you to stay full and achieve successful weight management.

Potassium Source

Are your energy levels falling short, or are you experiencing muscle cramps? Apricots can help! They are rich in potassium, the mineral that is essential to muscle health and the proper regulation of blood pressure.

Skin Savior

The apricots’ vitamin A and antioxidants help give the skin the glow it needs to look healthy. These nutrients shield your skin from the sun’s rays and stimulate the process of cell renewal.

Keeps Eyes Healthy

The abundant vitamin A in the firm apricots helps keep the vision healthy. At the same time, vitamin A is one of the critical components of preventing night blindness as well as age-related macular degeneration.

Fights Inflammation

Apricots have antioxidants that can help to battle against inflammation in the body, thus decreasing the possibility of chronic diseases such as arthritis and heart disease.

Natural Energy Booster

In addition, apricots can be utilized as a natural source of sugars, making them a perfect choice as an energizing and healthy snack if you are feeling lethargic.

Hydration Support

Apricots boast a rich water content and thus help you stay hydrated even during hot days.

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Planting Your Apricot Plant: Step-by-Step Guide

Now that you’ve selected the ideal type of apricot, it is time to give it an excellent accommodation:

Step 1: Finding the perfect spot

Your apricot tree thinks happy sunshine! Select an area with at least 6-8 hours of sunlight a day. Contemplate spaces on the ground or taller trees that may impede the sun.

Step 2: Soil preparation

Apricot trees thrive in well-drained, loamy soil. Add sand or compost to improve drainage if you have heavy clay soil. You can also find out what soil improvers work best in your area from your local nursery.

Step 3: Digging the hole

Make sure the hole is big enough so the tree root ball will fit snugly. A good idea may be to dig a hole 2-3 times the root ball’s width and deepen it slightly.

Step 4: Plant Nicely

Gently take your apricot tree from its pot. Carefully detach the roots, being careful not to break them. Install the tree into the hole with the root flare (the area where the trunk widens) sitting slightly above the soil level. Fill the hole with the prepared soil and lightly tamp it down to remove any air pockets.

Make sure your freshly planted apricot tree is well watered after planting. Water deeply and frequently, especially the first two weeks or until the tree is rooting.

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Caring for Your Apricot Tree

Your apricot tree is in the ground, but your job is ongoing! Here’s how to nurture your growing buddy:


As your apricot tree grows, its water needs will also change. The younger trees must be watered in shorter intervals, especially during hot and dry seasons. You can progressively minimize the watering frequency as time passes, but note weather changes and adjust accordingly.


Similarly, your apricot tree requires nutrients to grow healthy and strong. Apply a balanced fertilizer for fruit trees and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Stay under-fertilized so that you will not harm your tree.


Pruning allows your apricot tree to retain its form, favoring healthier development and producing good fruits. For young trees, focus on removing the dead or broken branches. Discover proper pruning approaches to promote fruit-bearing branches as your tree grows.

Identify & Eliminate Pests or Diseases

Keeping pests and diseases at bay: Watch out for bugs and diseases that can spoil your apricot tree’s yield. Early detection is crucial! Refer to your local nursery or agricultural extension service for tips on recognizing and dealing with insect or disease-related problems.

Harvesting Your Apricot

The time has finally come – the time to harvest your crops! Here’s what to look for:

Color: Depending on the variety, the apricots are ready to be harvested when their skin changes from greenish-yellow to a more prominent orange or yellow.

Softness: Slightly press the fruit; it should give, but if you feel it is mushy, it is over-ripe.

Aroma: When apricots become fully ripe, they have a sweet, fruity fragrance.

Lastly, when the harvest is in full swing, pluck the apricots one by one, grasping the stem and slightly turning the fruit. Instead of pulling or tugging, allow the tree to grow independently. This way, you will avoid damaging the tree.

Store your newly picked apricots in a refrigerator for a few days, or savor them immediately! Additionally, you can dehydrate them to use later or opt to try making your delicious jams, pies, and others. The possibilities are endless!

Grow Apricots with Krishispray

If you plan to grow apricot trees or hop shoots in India, you must know where to find the best agricultural equipment at excellent rates. Krishispray is your one-stop solution for agricultural spray nozzles, machines, guns, and other equipment.